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Актинидия коломикта (Actinidia kolomikta)
Актинидия острая (Actinidia argute)
Актинидия полигамная (Actinidia polygama)
Manchurian aralia, Japanese angelica-tree, devil's tree
Amur cork tree, Amur velvet
Бересклет малоцветковый (Euonymus pauciflora)
Daurian birch, Asian black birch
Берёза плосколистная (Betula platyphylla)
Виноград амурский (Vitis amurensis)
Вишня сахалинская (Cerasus sachalinensis)
Граб сердцелистный (Carpinus cordata)
Дуб монгольский (Quercus mongolica)
Жимолость раннецветущая (Lonicera praeflorens)
Ильм (вяз) лопастный (Ulmus laciniata)
Ильм (вяз) японский (Ulmus japonica)
Калопанакс семилопастный (Kalopanax septemlobus)
Клён бородатый (Acer barbinerve)
Клён зеленокорый (Acer tegmentosum)
Клён ложнозибольдов (Acer pseudosieboldianum)
Клён мелколистный (Acer mono)
Леспедеца двуцветная (Lespedeza bicolor)
Лещина маньчжурская (Corylus mandshurica)
Липа амурская (Tilia amurensis)
Маакия амурская (Maackia amurensis)
Manchurian walnut
Needle fir, black fir
Рябина ольхолистная (Sorbus alnifolia)
Рябинник рябинолистный (Sorbaria sorbifolia)
Eleutherococcus senticosus
Сосна корейская (Pinus koraiensis)
Таволга уссурийская (Spiraea ussuriensis)
Japanese yew
Aspen, European aspen
Amur tree lilac
Woodland jasmine (Philadelphus tenuifolius Rupr. et Maxim.)
Faxinus mandshurica
Ясень носолистный (Fraxinus rhynchophylla)
Manchurian aralia, Japanese angelica-tree, devil's tree

Aralia elata (Miq.) Seem. (A. mandshurica Rupr. et Maxim. )

Manchurian aralia, Japanese angelica-tree, devil's tree

Family: Araliaceae

This is a large shrub or small tree of up to 5-7 m in height or higher, with trunk diameter of 10-12 cm.

The trunks are upright, not branching, sometimes just with a few short branches at the top, covered with numerous sharp and firm thorns of 1 to 10 mm long. The light brown thorns are flat and conical.

The young bark is grey or slightly brown with well-defined leaf scars surrounded by nimbus of thorns. The leaf scars are wide, crescent-shaped, almost wrapping the branch. The bark of old plants is grey, with deep crevices. Terminal buds are greater than the side ones and are surrounded by a nimbus of thorns.

It grows individually or in small groups in the undergrowth of mixed and coniferous woods; at the ridges and by the foothills; in glades and at the edges of forests. In the deciduous forests, it grows on rocky exposures and precipices, especially thrives in slashes and old burned areas after a forest fire where it forms impenetrable brushwoods. It grows rapidly. Can be found at 600-700 m above sea level in mountains.

It is winter-hardy and prefers full light.

Excellent late season honey plant. Valuable medicinal plant. Used for planting of the unique greenery.

Distribution in the Russia's Far East. Primorsky and Khabarovsky Krais, Southern Sakhalin Island, Southern Kuril Islands - Kunashir, Shikotan.

General distribution. China, Korean Peninsula, Japan.

Authors: M.N. Chipizubova, L.M. Pshennikova

Photo: L.M. Pshennikova, M. Chipizubova, N. Razjigaeva

Collage: E.V. Bibchenko

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