Logo of the BGI FEB RAS
Main » Plant world
Энциклопедия Растения Дальн...
Актинидия коломикта (Actinidia kolomikta)
Актинидия острая (Actinidia argute)
Актинидия полигамная (Actinidia polygama)
Manchurian aralia, Japanese angelica-tree, devil's tree
Amur cork tree, Amur velvet
Бересклет малоцветковый (Euonymus pauciflora)
Daurian birch, Asian black birch
Берёза плосколистная (Betula platyphylla)
Виноград амурский (Vitis amurensis)
Вишня сахалинская (Cerasus sachalinensis)
Граб сердцелистный (Carpinus cordata)
Дуб монгольский (Quercus mongolica)
Жимолость раннецветущая (Lonicera praeflorens)
Ильм (вяз) лопастный (Ulmus laciniata)
Ильм (вяз) японский (Ulmus japonica)
Калопанакс семилопастный (Kalopanax septemlobus)
Клён бородатый (Acer barbinerve)
Клён зеленокорый (Acer tegmentosum)
Клён ложнозибольдов (Acer pseudosieboldianum)
Клён мелколистный (Acer mono)
Леспедеца двуцветная (Lespedeza bicolor)
Лещина маньчжурская (Corylus mandshurica)
Липа амурская (Tilia amurensis)
Маакия амурская (Maackia amurensis)
Manchurian walnut
Needle fir, black fir
Рябина ольхолистная (Sorbus alnifolia)
Рябинник рябинолистный (Sorbaria sorbifolia)
Eleutherococcus senticosus
Сосна корейская (Pinus koraiensis)
Таволга уссурийская (Spiraea ussuriensis)
Japanese yew
Aspen, European aspen
Amur tree lilac
Woodland jasmine (Philadelphus tenuifolius Rupr. et Maxim.)
Faxinus mandshurica
Ясень носолистный (Fraxinus rhynchophylla)
Needle fir, black fir

Abies holophylla Maxim.

Пихта цельнолистная, чёрная/Needle fir, black fir

Family - Pinaceae

Early settlers to Primorye from the western Russia were confusing this coniferous tree with spruce therefore calling it a «black spruce» due to its rigid, prickly needles and dark bark.

However, spruce and fir are easy to distinguish by the needles. The fir needle's base is narrow followed by the «heel» expansion leaving round marks when the needles are dropped. Needles form spirals or combs and stay on the branches 9-12 years. The fir needles are longer than those of spruce.

Fir cones are always pointed upwards making “standing” appearance on the branches.

The needles of needle fir are singular, flat, 2,5-4,5 cm in length and 2-3 mm in width, pointed, but with non-split ends (unlike White-bark fir). The needles on old trees are rounded, dark green, turning brown in winter, forming crests on branches.

The young bark is greyish-brown and slightly exfoliating while the old one is thick, dark-brown, and sometimes blackish with deep longitudinal cracks.

The crowns are conical and pointed, turning flat with age.

This is the largest coniferous tree in the Far East reaching over 55 m tall, with the trunk diameter over 2 m. This is one of the long-living firs at Far East, staying healthy at the age of 500 years or more.

It grows only at the southern Primorye, where it can be found at elevations of up to 500 m above sea level.

Only a hundred years ago, it prevailed on the Muravjev-Amursky Peninsula but retreated to the Sedanka River as the result of loggings and fires happened in connection with Vladivostok's fort construction.

Distribution in the Russia's Far East. Southern Primorsky Krai.

General distribution. Northeastern China, Korean Peninsula.

Authors: M.N. Chipizubova , L.M. Pshennikova

Photo: L. Pshennikova, Chipizubova M., N. Razzhigaeva

Collage: E.V. Bibchenko

Русское ботаническое обществоBotanic Garden Conservation InternationalThe Plant ListPlantariumEast Asia Botanic Garden NetworkСовет ботанических садов РоссииRussian electronic libraryБиблиотека ШипуноваРоссийская Академия наукРейтинг@Mail.ru